History of Chess – Chess Documentary – From the Origins of Chess till Today

The history of chess is a chess documentary about the enchanting and mystical journey of chess from India to Europe, passing through all of Asia and America. This chess documentary starts from chess origins in India as Chaturanga. Chess went through several amendments before reaching its final set of rules. Several chess world champions have battled in the history of chess. Legendary world chess champions from the past are still considered legends till our days: Paul Morphy, Bobby Fischer, Mikhail Tal, Garry Kasparov. Until today, with the legend in the making Magnus Carlsen.

Arabs brought an older version of chess, developed from Chaturanga, to Europe around 1000 years ago. In Southern Europe the game reached high level of popularity and slowly it was exported to the rest of the continent. Over the centuries, the rules of chess were changed and the chess board became more similar to today’s one. During the Middle Ages, regardless of the social classes, age or nationalities, everyone knew the rules of this game and a few combinations. Starting from the 19th century, chess was considered a professional sport and soon legendary players took the scene. Above all, Paul Morphy with his short but epic career as a chess player. In the 20th century, chess reached its peak thanks to eminent players like Capablanca and Alekhine or the immense geniality of Mikhail Tal. The cold war also helped the diffusion of chess bringing the Match of Century in every house of the globe: in 1972 the Russian Spassky played against, arguably, the greatest chess innovator ever, the American Bobby Fischer. More recently, the scene has been catalyzed by two notable players Garry Kasparov, retired but still considered by the majority of chess experts as the greatest ever, and the legend-in-the-making Magnus Carlsen, who had achieved the highest rating in the history of chess smashing record after record.
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62 Comments

  1. 8:55 What city is that, and why does their flag only have 15 stars???

  2. FIDE reunified what titles? You didn't mention what the two (or more) titles were.

  3. Chess was originated in India🇮🇳

  4. Sanskrit language is Indian language 🇮🇳🇮🇳 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳

  5. Chess was best played by Indians 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳 as it was first introduced by Indians, in many history books chess in 🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳India has been discussed, India was mainly the first country in ancient times known as Bharat 🇮🇳 which introduced chess.

  6. in Italian, "scacchi" is pronounced with two hard c's, like "skàkki"

  7. In my honest opinion.. kasparov was the greatest champion of all times.. just because he wasn't born to play chess like magnussen who was born togheter with a chess board.. trained since he was a little boy to play chess. don't get me wrong magnussen is the best, so far in my opinion, but kasparov was self learned player.. when i think of chess i think of kasparov, when i think of kasparov i think of a genius, a visionar, a person with a great imagination… when i think of magnussen i think of a machine that was raised only for one purpose…
    don't get triggered right away, i'm probably biased because i grew up in a chess family that has taught me chess and showed me books about kasparov and fischer and karpov when magnus was like 7 years old.. and i was 4… so.

  8. When you consider the final result of all those world championship games played, the final score tally was Karpov 19 wins and Kasparov 21 wins with 104 draws. I would not say Kasparov was a superior player to Karpov. Karpov remained 2nd in world for years proving he would have remained 1st had Kasparov not been around. Karpov was 39 by the time they played the last WC match and lost by one 1 point. So he was past his peak in chess terms and still fought Kasparov until the last games, an amazing feat which few recognize with a 12 year gap in age between them. For me Karpov 's positional chess was superior to Kasparov who was more of a tactical player.

  9. Just started learning. I lose a lot but I learn alot more. Beautiful game! Play on my friends!

  10. Just fyi Elo isnt an acronym, its named after Apard Elo and so its actually pronounced phonetically (ie ee-low) rather than by saying E.L.O.

  11. Fifth/sixth century Gupta India was by no means geographically coterminous with the modern Republic of India (1947), as implied by the map at 0:01. [also: "Elo" is pronounced as a name, not an acronym (that is, not "E.L.O.") and "Euwe" is pronounced, roughly, "Oy-ve", not "Eeew"]

  12. 1300 = chess is dangerous, it causes kids to murder each other
    2000 = video games are dangerous, it causes kids to murder each other

  13. Keep on wondering if chess IS really Art… Since computers can do better than any human. Unlike music where you can sense the Groove played by humans IS real.
    So in chess…. a computer beating a human IS an artist?

  14. Steinitz wasn't German, he was born in Prague (which at the time was a part of Austria), so he was Austrian.

  15. O mais estranho deste video é que não aparece a menção em nenhum momento do sexo feminino. É como se no mundo somente existissem homens.

  16. I recently started to play. Actually got interested in chess after watching an episode of Columbo. "The most dangerous match".

  17. I recently started playing chess.
    I'm here to know how the name changed from 'Chaturanga' to 'Chess'..
    Chess is also known as 'Satranch' and 'Daba'…
    Now, I want to know the origin of the words…
    Love from India🇮🇳

  18. Fischer wasn't "way better" than Spassky.
    He had never beaten him prior to their match. And if it hadn't been for all his antics, that clearly threw Spassky off, he might not even have won in 72.
    In the latter half of the match Fischer was "running away in every game", as Kramnik put it.

  19. Chess resembles a mix of ballet and kung-fu between two artful octopuses.

  20. I almost lost my life because of heroin 23 years ago. Although I never touched it since, from then on (probably due to my self-diagnosed addictive personality), I've been jumping around between all kinds of addictions trying to fill in the void left by it. You name it, I’ve probably been there.

    What's that got to do with chess? Well, that’s the interesting part of the story; you see, I started playing the game two years after I quitted heroin, when I was about 30 (in a Portugal more keen on Football, I learned it by myself simply fascinated by these to me then new found 8X8 realm full of magic and beauty) so my point here, is that, today I use chess as my main dopamine/adrenaline supply source instead of heroin or any other drugs/addictive substances.

    Chess has helped me to quit, one by one, all those nasty addictions to the point that I now live a practically self-satisfying Vegan monk-like existence. That, my friends, is, I think, but a sample of the power of chess. Despite my natural talent for the game being inversely proportional to my passion for it (1900 Elo on Lichess blitz) I don’t mind it, because I don’t play it for the result of the battle itself (although I always try to win, of course), I play for the sheer rush of it.

    My experience has led me to think that chess should be scientifically studied for its therapeutic properties, namely in, for example:

    – Kids with learning/social difficulties, substance use disorder, in prisons, mental health units, etc.

    Due to its interdisciplinary nature, in the sense that it combines various fields of human knowledge and thought, like:

    – Logic, Mathematics, as well as Psychology (intuition), Art (esthetics) and an overall life-like wisdom, I also think chess should be considered academically as a discipline in and of itself, and teached in schools all around the world.

    As to it being famous for charging a toll on one's mind( like,”couldn’t chess itself become a dangerous addiction?”), It's an argument that can be easily flipped around by saying that, if one is already prone to it (addiction), anything would eventually trigger it, whether it be chess or anything else, and, between chess and anything else (believe me…) one is way better off with chess (at the very least it is an outlet far less toxic for you and for everybody around you).

    I honestly think this is better than left unsaid, but, be it as it may, If someone out there resonates with this perspective on chess and thinks that it might bring something positive to the table, please share/comment, I’d love to learn about it.

    Peace.

  21. Top 4 GOAT Candidates in Chess

    • Paul Morphy
    • Bobby Fischer
    • Garry Kasparov
    • Magnus Carlsen

  22. Playing chess is Haram according to Ezlam, because a queen(women) have an ultimate power and can move freely without the male protecter/ king.

  23. Chess wasn’t invented in india, it was middle East countries that invented chess as a simulation of war/political tactics

  24. "a man can play". ehh, you can do better than to exclude everyone else who plays chess.

  25. I don't know why this informative video is unratted

  26. There are so many historical discrepancies in this video….

  27. I live in india and this is the first time understand the great chess that I have mastered a few weeks ago was invented in my country I feel like a stupid now

  28. Lord Shiva is Dhyut Papeshwar means owner of the game. This game was known as sKhandyantra or shadyantra. It waa played on dashpaad ro vrihadpaad boards. Game was invented by Sage Agasthya. Kartikey played this game. But Ravan was much better and expert in this game

  29. Great Video!!! forget about negative comments. Your video shows that you have put a lot of effort, something that some idiots in the comment section don't understand. Cheers!!

  30. Battle formations.. dice… multiple parties…Were those guys playing chess or D&D?

  31. Thank you very much for this most excellent video about the history of chess !!!

  32. Shadyantra was invented in India and Shri Lanka because Shri Lanka was part of india 8800 yrs back. Initially it was named as Dhyut. Shadyantra is based on 10×10 board called Dashpaad. Chaturanga was evolved from Shadyantra in 200 BC after it was latter was banned. And yes Chaturanga was played on 8×8 board..

  33. Addendum, in 2022 – 23 Carlsen was for the third time ttrippel WC (classic, rapid and blitz)

  34. It's not pronounced E-L-O but Elo after the guy who invented the system Arpad Elo.

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