Chaturanga, the ancestral game of chess, has its roots in ancient India during the Gupta dynasty (c. 280-550 CE). The Persians and Arabs attribute the origins of Chess to India, with Old Persian and Arabic words for chess being chatrang and shatranj, respectively. These terms are derived from caturaṅga in Sanskrit, which roughly translates to ‘an army of four divisions’ or ‘four corps’. As Chess spread worldwide, many variations of the game emerged. Introduced to the Near East from India, Chess became part of the courtly education of Persian nobility. By the 10th century, Muslims had brought Shatranj to North Africa, Sicily, and Spain, where it ultimately evolved into its final modern form of Chess.
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